Validation and psychometric properties of the Indonesian version of the Fear of Missing Out Scale in adolescents

Kaloeti D.V.S., Kurnia S A., Tahamata V.M.

Faculty of Psychology, Universitas Diponegoro, Semarang, Indonesia; Graduate Institute of Mind, Brain and Consciousness, Taipei Medical University, Taipei, Taiwan


Background: This study’s main purpose was to examine the psychometric properties of FoMOs’ adaptation among the Indonesian adolescents’ population. The second aim was to investigate the concurrent validity of the Indonesian version to provide evidence for the validity. Also, FoMOs’ difference level between demographic variance analyses was performed. Method: The study involved a cross-sectional online survey design with 638 Indonesian adolescents aged 16–24 (M = 19.08, SD = 14.70). FoMO was measured by a 16-item that has been modified from the original 10-item. Exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses were carried out to study its scores’ evidence of structural validity. Besides, to study its scores’ evidence of convergent, discriminant, and predictive validity concerning other variables such as stress, anxiety, and depression (Depression and Anxiety Stress Scale-21), and general health condition (General Health Questionnaire Scale-12), correlation analyses were conducted. To study the sensitivity, we assessed the effect of sociodemographic and social media use on the scale’s ability to identify the population’s risk to the FoMO by conducting analyses of variance. The Cronbach alpha values (α =.93) indicated that internal consistency of the scale was at an adequate level. Results: Exploratory factorial analyses revealed adequate adjustment for the new version of the scale showing the three factorial structures. Confirmatory factor analyses showed that the 12-item of Indonesian FoMO had a good fit (χ2/df = 289.324/51; goodness-of-fit index (GFI) = 0.928; RMSEA = 0.086; comparative fit index (CFI) = 0.915; normed fit index (NFI) = 0.899; parsimony normed fit index (PNFI) =.695; Tucker–Lewis index (TLI) = 0.890). Conclusion: This study has shown that the modified 12-item Fear of Missing Out Scale is a valid and reliable instrument for Indonesian adolescents. It showed that the Indonesian version of Fear of Missing Out Scale has adequate psychometric properties to measure Indonesian adolescents’ online behavior. © 2021, The Author(s).

Adolescent; Fear of Missing Out Scale; Indonesian; Psychometric properties; Validation


Psicologia: Reflexao e Critica

Publisher: Springer Science and Business Media Deutschland GmbH

Volume 34, Issue 1, Art No 15, Page – , Page Count

Journal Link:

doi: 10.1186/s41155-021-00181-0

Issn: 01027972

Type: All Open Access, Gold, Green


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