The concept of Ali Abdul Halim Mahmud’s quranic education: A critical analysis of ‘fundamentalist’ exegesis paradigm

Arif M.

Department of Islamic Religion Education, Faculty of Islamic Education, Universitas Islam Negeri (UIN), Sunan Kalijaga, Yogyakarta, 55281, Indonesia


Abstract

The principle of the Quran’s universal relevance is understood in various ways among scholars. Such principle has led to the emergence of various perspectives. On the one hand, some consider the Quran as an open text that can continuously be reinterpreted, while on the other hand, some consider it as the ultimate book that provides guidance concerning all matters of human life. Given this context, it is of great interest to critically discuss Ali Abdul Halim Mahmud’s views that considered the Quran as a comprehensive source of guidance for addressing the various problems of life as well as a text filled with a myriad of educational prescriptions. This literary study focuses on Mahmud’s exegetic works by applying the holistic method based on a content analysis and a textual investigation. In his works, Mahmud affirmed that the sole solution for Muslims was returning to the guidance of the Quran and the Sunnah. According to him, the Quran serves as the primary source in understanding Islam as a Divine system that is compatible throughout the ages. He had applied two models in elaborating the Qur’anic tenets: (1) selecting a certain surah, and (2) appointing a certain educational topic. Mahmud’s conviction that the perfect Quranic education system exists had prompted him to interpret Quranic verses, in clarifying and conclusive manners. His Quranic interpretation fully contains messages pertaining to morality, da’wah, and social movement in order to revive the glory of the Muslim, but frequently it lacks appreciation for critical-interpretation. © Universiti Putra Malaysia Press

Conclusive exegesis; Education ideology; God’s feast; The Quran’s perfection


Journal

Pertanika Journal of Social Sciences and Humanities

Publisher: Universiti Putra Malaysia

Volume 28, Issue 4, Art No , Page 3391 – 3406, Page Count


Journal Link: https://www.scopus.com/inward/record.uri?eid=2-s2.0-85099822732&doi=10.47836%2fPJSSH.28.4.49&partnerID=40&md5=0744b76de094e1cebc75082c8bd692d0

doi: 10.47836/PJSSH.28.4.49

Issn: 01287702

Type: All Open Access, Bronze, Green


References

Abu Zayd, N. H., (2000) Mafhûm al-Nass: Dirâsat fi ‘ulûm al-Qur’ân [Text concept: Study of the Quran sciences], , Beirut, Lebanon: al-Markaz al-Thaqafi al-‘Arabi; Akmansyah, M., Metode pendidikan ruhani perspektif al-Qur’an [Methods of spiritual education from the Quran perspective (2013) Ijtimaiyya, 6 (2), pp. 97-112; Al-Ghazali, M., (1997) Berdialog dengan al-Qur’an [Making a dialogue with the Quran], , (M. Hakim, Trans). Bandung, Indonesia: Mizan; Al-Jabiri, M. A., Al-Madkhal ilâ al-Qur’ân al-Karîm: Fi al-ta’rîf bi al-Qur’ân (2007) Introduction to the noble Quran: Preliminary remarks on the Quran], 1. , [Beirut, Lebanon: Markaz Dirâsât al-Wahdah; Al-Jundi, A. H., (1984) Al-Qur’ân wa al-manhaj al-‘ilmî al-mu’âsir [al-Quran and contemporary scientific methods], , Cairo, Egypt: Dar al-Ma’arif; Andiko, T., el-Wardah, K., Fauzan, Teori responsibilitas dan prioritas dalam penalaran fiqih untuk merealisasikan maqasid al-syari’ah: Studi komparatif pemikiran Ali Abdul Halim Mahmud dan Yusuf al-Qardhawi [The theory of responsibility and priority in the fiqh reasoning to realize the shari’a aims: A comparative study of thoughts of Ali Abdul Halim Mahmud and Yusuf al-Qardhawi (2015) Manhaj Jurnal Penelitian & Pengabdian Masyarakat IAIN Bengkulu, 3 (1), pp. 20-32; Baker, R. W., (2003) Islam without fear: Egypt and the new Islamists, , Cambridge, England: Harvard University Press; Bakker, A., Zubair, A. C., (1990) Metodologi penelitian filsafat [Philosophy research methodology], , Yogyakarta, Indonesia: Kanisius; (2019) Al-Ȃlim al-murabbȋ Ali Abdul Halȋm Mahmûd fȋ dzimmatillȃh (1928-2014) [The charismatic scholar and educator Ali Abdul Halim Mahmud passed away], , https://basaer-online.com/?p=6546, Basaer. Retrieved July 4, 2019, from; Bennett, C., (2005) Muslims and modernity: An introduction to the issues and debates, , London, England: Continuum; Bruce, S., (2000) Fundamentalism, , Cambridge, England: Polity Press; Dayyâb, M. H., (2005) Al-Islâmiyyûn al-mustaqillûn: Al-huwiyyah wa al-su’âl [Independent Islamist figures: Identity and discussion], , Cairo, Egypt: Maktabah al-Usrah; Desai, M., (2007) Rethinking Islamism: The ideology of the new terrorism, , London, England: I.B. Tauris; Embong, R., Abdullah, R. T., Talib, M. T. A., Ismail, F. Z., Sulaiman, R. H. R., Noor, M. H. M., Philosophical foundations and their implication on Islamic education (2017) Pertanika Journal of Social Sciences and Humanities, 25 (S), pp. 57-70; Fa’ȃli, M. T., Qattan, A., Fayduh, A. Q., Abuhait, K., Baheshti, A., Larijani, S., Jarradi, S., (2011) Al-Ta’wîl wal herminiutîqȃ: Dirȃsȃt fi ȃliyyȃt al-qur’ȃn wa al-tafsȋr [Interpretation and hermeneutics: Studies in the mechanisms of reading and interpretation], , Beirut, Lebanon: Markaz al-Hadȃrah li Tanmiyat al-Fikr al-Islȃmȋ; Farida, U., The role of Muslim Brotherhood in political social change in Egypt (2014) Jurnal Penelitian, 8 (1), pp. 45-70. , Peran Ikhwanul muslimin dalam perubahan sosial politik di Mesir; Fuad, A. F. N., Literature review on historical development and da’wa transformation of tarbiyah movement in Indonesia (2019) Jurnal Lektur Keagamaan, 17 (2), pp. 349-382. , Kajian literatur tentang perkembangan historis dan transformasi dakwah gerakan tarbiyah di Indonesia; Gracia, J. E., (1995) A theory of textuality: The logic and epistemology, , New York, USA: State University of New York; Hanafi, H., (2004) Hisâr al-zaman: Al-hâdir [Blockades of time: The present], , Cairo, Egypt: Markaz al-Kitâb li al-Nashr; Hawwa, S., (1981) Al-Islâm [Islam], 1; Herriot, P., (2009) Religious fundamentalism: Global, local, and personal, , London, England: Routledge; Imârah, M., (2004) Maqâlât al-ghuluw al-dînî wa allâ dînî [Discussion on religious and non-religious extremism], , Cairo, Egypt: Maktabah al-Shurûq al-Dauliyyah; Izzuddin, N., Al-Haqîqah min haqâi’q al-Qur’ân al-maskût ‘anhâ (2006) Hidden realities of the Quran], , [Cairo, Egypt: Maktabah Madbouli; Khalikin, A., The Muslim brotherhood and educational movements in Banten and Batam (2012) Harmoni Jurnal Multikultural & Multireligius, 11 (2), pp. 53-71. , Ikhwanul muslimin dan gerakan tarbiyah di Banten dan Batam; Lav, D., (2012) Radical Islam and the revival of medieval theology, , Cambridge, England: Cambridge University Press; Mahmud, A. A. H., Al-Tarbiyah al-khuluqiyyah [Moral education], , (n.d). Cairo, Egypt: Dâr al-Tawzi wa al-Nashr; Mahmud, A. A. H., (1994) Al-Tarbiyah al-islâmiyyah fi sûrat al-Mâidah [Islamic education in the sura of al-Mȃ’idah], , Cairo, Egypt: Dâr al-Tawzi wa al-Nashr; Mahmud, A. A. H., Al-Tarbiyah al-ruhiyyah (1995), [Spiritual education] Cairo, Egypt: Dâr al-Tawzi wa al-Nashr; Mahmud, A. A. H., (1996) Al-Tarbiyah al-‘aqliyyah [Intellectual education], , Cairo, Egypt: Dâr al-Tawzi wa al-Nashr; Mahmud, A. A. H., (1997) Perangkat-perangkat tarbiyah Ikhwanul muslimin [Educational equipment of the muslim brotherhood], , (W. Ahmadi, Trans) Solo, Indonesia: Era Intermedia; Mahmud, A. A. H., (1998) Al-Tarbiyah al-islâmiyyah fi sûrat Ali Imrân [Islamic education in the sura of Ali Imran], , Cairo, Egypt: Dâr al-Tawzi wa al-Nashr; Mahmud, A. A. H., (1999) Al-Tarbiyah al-islâmiyyah fi sûrat al-Nisâ [Islamic education in the sura of al-Nisa], , Cairo, Egypt: Dâr al-Tawzi wa al-Nashr; Mahmud, A. A. H., (2000) Al-Tarbiyah al-diniyyah al-ghâ’ibah [The lost religious education], , Cairo, Egypt: Dâr al-Tawzi wa al-Nashr; Mahmud, A. A. H., (2000) Al-Tarbiyah al-islâmiyyah fi sûrat al-Tawbah [Islamic education in the sura of al-Tawbah], , Cairo, Egypt: Dâr al-Tawzi wa al-Nashr; Mahmud, A. A. H., (2001) Al-Tarbiyah al-ijtimâ’iyyah al-islâmiyyah [Islamic social education], , Cairo, Egypt: Dâr al-Tawzi wa al-Nashr; Mahmud, A. A. H., (2002) Al-Tarbiyah al-iqtisâdiyyah al-islâmiyyah [Islamic economic education], , Cairo, Egypt: Dâr al-Tawzi wa al-Nashr; Mahmud, A. A. H., (2004) Al-Tarbiyah al-islâmiyyah fi al-mujtama’ [Islamic education in society], , Cairo, Egypt: Dâr al-Tawzi wa al-Nashr; Mahmud, A. A. H., (2005) Al-Tarbiyah al-islâmiyyah fi al-bayt [Islamic education in family], , Cairo, Egypt: Dâr al-Tawzi wa al-Nashr; Mahmud, S. A. H., (2000) Tafsîr sûrat Ali Imrân [Interpretation of the sura of Ali Imran], , Cairo, Egypt: Dâr Gharîb; Mohammad, M., Islam: The misunderstood religion (1997) Journal of Islamic Studies, Oxford, 36 (4), pp. 697-705; Moutakas, C., (1994) Phenomenological research methods, , London, England: SAGE Publications; Musa, M. Y., (1980) Al-Islâm wa hâjat al-insân ilaih [Islam and human necessity to it], , Kuwait City, Kuwait: Maktabah al-Falâh; Musa, M. Y., (1985) Al-Qur’ân wa al-falsafah [The Quran and philosophy], , Cairo, Egypt: Dar al-Ma’arif; Muslih, M., The Quran and the birth of theistic sciences (2016) Tsaqafah Jurnal Peradaban Islam, 12 (2), pp. 257-280. , Al-Qur’an dan lahirnya sains teistik; Qutb, M., (2004) Dirâsât Qur’âniyyah [The Quranic studies], , Cairo, Egypt: Dar al-Shurûq; Qutb, S., (2009) Ma’âlim fi al-tharîq (petunjuk jalan yang menggetarkan iman) [Inspiring guidance for stepping on the way], , (M. Harun, Trans). Yogyakarta, Indonesia: Darul Uswah; Rakhmat, J., (2006) Islam dan pluralisme: Akhlak al-Qur’an menyikapi perbedaan [The Quranic ethics in dealing with diversity], , Jakarta, Indonesia: Serambi; Shahrur, M., (1996) Al-Islâm wa al-ȋmân: Manzûmat al-qiyam [Islam and faith: Values system], , Damascus, Syria: al-Ȃhâli li al-Tibâ’ah; Thiselton, A. C., (1992) New horizons in hermeneutics, , Michigan, USA: Zondervan Publishing House

Indexed by Scopus

Leave a Comment