Storytelling in early childhood education: Time to go digital

Rahiem M.D.H.

Department of Early Childhood Education, UIN Syarif Hidayatullah, Jakarta, Indonesia


Abstract

Digital storytelling blends the ancient art of storytelling with a range of contemporary tools to weave stories together with the author’s narrative voice, including digital images, graphics, music and sound. Digital storytelling, as both a teaching method and a learning resource, has been applied in many innovative ways at all levels of education. Digital storytelling supports student learning and allows teachers to adopt innovative and improved teaching methods. Storytelling is a proven and popular pedagogy, while digital storytelling is relatively recent and still seldom used in the setting of early childhood education. Using a case study of a storytelling–art–science club in Jakarta, Indonesia, the researcher explored how and why digital storytelling is used in early childhood education. This club is one of the few organizations that use digital storytelling for teaching and learning programs in early childhood. Data were collected qualitatively using in-depth interviews with four teachers, document analysis, and twice-observations of storytelling activities in each session with 35 and 37 children. The collected data were analyzed using analytical memoing methods. The results indicate that teachers in this club used digital storytelling for several important reasons. They claimed that simple digital technology made storytelling more entertaining, captivating, engaging, communicative and theatrical. This study suggests that the ability of teachers to use digital technology should be enhanced; schools’ information and communication technology (ICT) devices should be equipped; some funding should also be allocated by the government to modernize school equipment; while the curriculum should be tailored to meet technological developments, and provide opportunities for children to learn how to make good use of technology. © 2021, The Author(s).

Digital storytelling; Early childhood education; Educational technology; ICT


Journal

International Journal of Child Care and Education Policy

Publisher: Springer

Volume 15, Issue 1, Art No 4, Page – , Page Count


Journal Link: https://www.scopus.com/inward/record.uri?eid=2-s2.0-85104034532&doi=10.1186%2fs40723-021-00081-x&partnerID=40&md5=cc66f8ff0adbb9729ab3901c3be22ea7

doi: 10.1186/s40723-021-00081-x

Issn: 19765681

Type: All Open Access, Gold


References

Albirini, A., Cultural perceptions: The missing element in the implementation of ICT in developing countries (2006) International Journal of Education and Development Using Information and Communication Technology, 2 (1), pp. 49-65; Al-Jafar, A., Buzzelli, C.A., The art of storytelling for cross cultural understanding (2004) International Journal of Early Childhood, 36 (1), pp. 35-48; (2014) Australia’s Physical Activity and Sedentary Behaviour Guidelines for Adults (18–64 Years). Australian Government, 1–8., , https://www1.health.gov.au/internet/main/publishing.nsf/content/F01F92328EDADA5BCA257BF0001E720D/$File/brochurePAGuidelines_A5_18-64yrs.pdf; Bailey, B.P., Tettegah, S.Y., Bradley, T.J., Clover: Connecting technology and character education using personally-constructed animated vignettes (2006) Interacting with Computers, 18 (4), pp. 793-819; Bavelier, D., Green, C.S., Dye, M.W.G., Children, wired: For better and for worse (2010) Neuron, 67 (5), pp. 692-701; Blackwell, C.K., Lauricella, A.R., Wartella, E., Factors influencing digital technology use in early childhood education (2014) Computers and Education, 77, pp. 82-90; Bogdan, R., Biklen, S.K., (2003) Qualitative Research for Education: An Introduction to Theories and Methods (4Th Ed.). New York: Pearson Education Group, pp. 110-120. , . Bogdan, R. C & Biklen, S. K. (2003)., Qualitative Research for Education, An Introduction to Theories and Methods; Screen Addiction Is Taking a Toll on Children (2015) The New York Times, , https://well.blogs.nytimes.com/2015/07/06/screen-addiction-is-taking-a-toll-on-children/, (, July 6); Bromberg, N.R., Techatassanasoontorn, A.A., Diaz Andrade, A., Engaging students: Digital storytelling in information systems learning (2013) Pacific Asia Journal of the Association for Information Systems, 1, p. 22; Burmark, L., Visual presentations that prompt, flash & transform (2004) Media and Methods; Burns, D.P., Rathbone, A., The relationship of narrative, virtue education, and an ethic of care in teaching practice (2010) Education, 1991, p. 2002; Casey, B., Erkut, S., Ceder, I., Young, J.M., Use of a storytelling context to improve girls’ and boys’ geometry skills in kindergarten (2008) Journal of Applied Developmental Psychology, 29 (1), pp. 29-48; Choi, G.Y., Learning through digital storytelling: exploring entertainment techniques in lecture video (2018) Educational Media International, 55 (1), pp. 49-63; Cooper, P., (2009) The classrooms all young children need: Lessons in teaching from Vivian Paley, , University of Chicago Press, Chicago; Craig, S., Hull, K., Haggart, A.G., Crowder, E., Storytelling addressing the literacy needs of diverse learners (2001) Teaching Exceptional Children, 33 (5), pp. 46-51; Cremin, T., Flewitt, R., Swann, J., Faulkner, D., Kucirkova, N., Storytelling and story-acting: Co-construction in action (2018) Journal of Early Childhood Research, 16 (1), pp. 3-17; Cross, C.T., Woods, T.A., Schweingruber, H., (2009) Mathematics learning in early childhood: Paths toward excellence and equity, , National Academies Press, New York; Danielson, L., Making reflective practice more concrete through reflective decision making (2008) The Educational Forum, 72 (2), pp. 129-137; Dupain, M., Maguire, L.L., Health digital storytelling projects (2007) American Journal of Health Education, 38 (1), pp. 41-43; Eisenhart, M.A., Howe, K.R., Validity in educational research (1992) He Handbook of Qualitative Research in Education; Enrique Hinostroza, J., New challenges for ICT in education policies in developing countries: The need to account for the widespread use of ICT for teaching and learning outside the school (2018) Ict-Supported Innovations in Small Countries and Developing Regions, pp. 99-119. , https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-67657-9_5, Springer International Publishing; Goral, M.B., Gnadinger, C.M., Using storytelling to teach mathematics concepts (2006) Australian Primary Mathematics Classroom, 11 (1), p. 5. , http://eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/recordDetail?accno=EJ793906; Gottschalk, F., Impacts of technology use on children: Exploring literature on the brain, cognition and well-being (2016) OECD Education Working Papers, 26 (3), pp. 313-316; Haven, K.F., Ducey, M., Crash course in storytelling (2007) Crash Course Series, , In; Hill, D., Ameenuddin, N., Chassiakos, Y.R., Cross, C., Radesky, J., Hutchinson, J., Boyd, R., Swanson, W.S., Media and young minds (2016) Pediatrics, 138, p. 5; Hopkins, L., Brookes, F., Green, J., Books, bytes and brains: The implications of new knowledge for children’s early literacy learning (2013) Australian Journal of Early Childhood; Hu, J., Gordon, C., Yang, N., Ren, Y., Once Upon A Star”: A science education program based on personification storytelling in promoting preschool children’s understanding of astronomy concepts (2020) Early Education and Development; Isbell, R., Sobol, J., Lindauer, L., Lowrance, A., The effects of storytelling and story reading on the oral language complexity and story comprehension of young children (2004) Early Childhood Education Journal, 32 (3), pp. 157-163; Judge, S., Puckett, K., Cabuk, B., Digital equity (2004) Journal of Research on Technology in Education, 36 (4), pp. 383-396; Kervin, L., Mantei, J., Digital storytelling: Capturing children’s participation in preschool activities (2016) Issues in Educational Research, 26 (2), pp. 225-240; Khan, M.S.H., Hasan, M., Clement, C.K., Barriers to the introduction of Ict Into education in developing countries: the Example of Bangladesh (2012) International Journal of Instruction, 5 (2), pp. 61-80; Kocaman-Karoglu, A., Telling stories digitally: An experiment with preschool children (2015) Educational Media International, 52 (4), pp. 340-352; Korstjens, I., Moser, A., Series: Practical guidance to qualitative research. Part 4: Trustworthiness and publishing (2018) European Journal of General Practice; Kosara, R., Mackinlay, J., Storytelling: The next step for visualization (2013) Computer, 46 (5), pp. 44-50; Kulla-Abbott, T., Polman, J.L., Engaging student voice and fulfilling curriculum goals with digital stories (2008) Technology, Humanities, Education, & Narrative, 25, p. 77; Landhuis, C.E., Poulton, R., Welch, D., Hancox, R.J., Does childhood television viewing lead to attention problems in adolescence? Results from a prospective longitudinal study (2007) Pediatrics, 120 (3), pp. 532-537; Leung, L., Validity, reliability, and generalizability in qualitative research (2015) Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care, 4 (3), p. 324; Lincoln, Y.S., Guba, E.G., Establishing trustworthiness (1985) Naturalistic Inquiry, 2, p. 256; Lindahl, M.G., Folkesson, A.-M., Can we let computers change practice? Educators’ interpretations of preschool tradition (2012) Computers in Human Behavior, 28 (5), pp. 1728-1737; Lucarevschi, C.R., The role of storytelling on language learning: A literature review (2016) Working Papers of the Linguistics Circle of the University of Victoria, 26 (1), p. 24. , https://search.proquest.com/docview/1886242426?accountid=15181%0Ahttp://openurl.york.ac.uk/openurl/44YORK/44YORK_services_page?url_ver=Z39.88-2004&rft_val_fmt=info:ofi/fmt:kev:mtx:journal&genre=article&sid=ProQ:ProQ%3Allba&atitle=The+role+of+storytelling+; McKechnie, L., Unstructured observation (2008) The SAGE Encyclopedia of Qualitative Research Methods, p. 908. , https://doi.org/10.4135/9781412963909.n476, L. M. Given, SAGE Publications, Inc; McLellan, H., Digital storytelling: Bridging old and new (2006) Educational Technology: The Magazine for Managers of Change in Education, 46 (5), pp. 26-31; Merriam, S.B., Qualitative research: A guide to design and implementation (2009) Jossey-Bass; Miles, M.B., Huberman, M., Saldana, J., Drawing and verifying conclusions (2014) Qualitative Data Analysis: A Methods Sourcebook, 11, p. 16; Miller, S., Pennycuff, L., Power of story: Using storytelling to improve literacy learning (2008) Journal of Cross-Disciplinary Perspectives in Education, 1 (1), pp. 36-43; 2019 Semua Sekolah Terkoneksi Internet. Ministry of Communication and Information Technology Republic of Indonesia (2018) Ministry Communication and Information Technology, , https://www.kominfo.go.id/content/detail/15627/2019-semua-sekolah-terkoneksi-internet/0/sorotan_media; Murcia, K., Campbell, C., Aranda, G., Trends in Early Childhood Education Practice and Professional Learning with Digital Technologies (2018) Pedagogika, 68, p. 3; Nelson, M.E., Hull, G.A., NelsonHull2008SelfPresentation-ABakhtinianPerspective.pdf (2008) Digital storytelling, mediatized stories–Self representation in new media, pp. 123-144. , Lundby K, (ed), Peter Lang Publisher, New York; (2017) Sit Less, pp. 1-2. , Physical Activity Guidelines for Children and Young People; Nicolopoulou, A., Cortina, K.S., Ilgaz, H., Cates, C.B., de Sá, A.B., Using a narrative- and play-based activity to promote low-income preschoolers’ oral language, emergent literacy, and social competence (2015) Early Childhood Research Quarterly, 31, pp. 147-162; Nilsson, M., Developing voice in digital storytelling through creativity narrative and multimodality (2010) Seminar Net, 6 (2), pp. 148-160; College, N., (2020) Microsoft Powerpoint 2010 Basic Skills Checklist, , http://www.northernc.on.ca/leid/wp-content/uploads/2018/04/NC-PowerPoint-skills-checklist-final.pdf; O’Byrne, W.I., Houser, K., Stone, R., White, M., Digital storytelling in early childhood: Student illustrations shaping social interactions (2018) Frontiers in Psychology; Ohler, J.B., (2013) Digital Storytelling in the Classroom: New Media Pathways to Literacy, Learning, and Creativity, , 2, Sage, London; Pfeifer, K., Rütten, A., (2017) National Recommendations for Physical Activity and Physical Activity Promotion, p. 79. , https://doi.org/10.1055/s-0042-123346, In Gesundheitswesen, Supplement (Vol; Phillips, L., Storytelling: The seeds of children’s creativity (2000) Australasian Journal of Early Childhood, 25 (3), pp. 1-5; Ponti, M., Bélanger, S., Grimes, R., Heard, J., Johnson, M., Moreau, E., Norris, M., Williams, R., Screen time and young children: Promoting health and development in a digital world (2017) Paediatrics & Child Health, 22 (8), pp. 461-468; Pramling, N., Samuelsson, I.P., Identifying and solving problems: Making sense of basic mathematics through storytelling in the preschool class (2008) International Journal of Early Childhood, 40 (1), pp. 65-79; Preradovic, N.M., Lesin, G., Boras, D., Introduction of digital storytelling in preschool education: A case study from Croatia (2016) Digital Education Review, 30, pp. 94-105; Rahiem, M.D.H., Abdullah, N.S.M., Krauss, S.E., Moral education through dramatized storytelling: Insights and observations from Indonesia kindergarten teachers (2020) International Journal of Learning, Teaching and Educational Research, 19 (3), pp. 475-490; Rahim, H., Rahiem, M.D.H., The use of stories as moral education for young children (2013) International Journal of Social Science and Humanity, 2 (6), pp. 454-458; Robin, B.R., Digital storytelling: A powerful technology tool for the 21st Century Classroom (2008) Theory Into Practice, 47 (3), pp. 220-228; Robin, B.R., The power of digital storytelling to support teaching and learning (2016) Digital Education Review, 30, pp. 17-29; Roussou, M., Learning by doing and learning through play (2004) Computers in Entertainment, 2 (1), p. 10; Saldaña, J., (2016) The Coding Manual for Qualitative Researchers, , (No. 14), Sage; Smeda, N., Dakich, E., Sharda, N., The effectiveness of digital storytelling in the classrooms: a comprehensive study (2014) Smart Learning Environments, 1 (1), p. 6; Speaker, K.M., Taylor, D., Kamen, R., Storytelling: Enhancing language acquisition in young children (2004) Education, 125 (1), pp. 3-14; Sundin, A., Andersson, K., Watt, R., Rethinking communication: Integrating storytelling for increased stakeholder engagement in environmental evidence synthesis (2018) Environmental Evidence, 7 (1), p. 6; Thambu, N., Storytelling and story reading: A catalyst for inculcate moral values and ethics among preschoolers (2017) International Journal of Academic Research in Business and Social Sciences, 7, p. 6; Typadi, E., Hayon, K., Storytelling and story acting: Putting the action into interaction (2010) Supporting children’s creativity through music, dance, drama and art: Creative conversations in the early years, pp. 69-88. , Griffiths F, (ed), Routledge, London; Valkanova, Y., Watts, M., Digital story telling in a science classroom: Reflective self-learning (RSL) in action (2007) Early Child Development and Care, 177 (6-7), pp. 793-807; van Gils, F., (2005) Potential Applications of Digital Storytelling in Education, , http://wwwhome.ctit.utwente.nl/~theune/VS/Frank_van_Gils.pdf, 3rd twente student conference on IT; Vélez, I.B., Prieto, J.L., Literature as a therapeutic instrument in the health-disease process in childhood (2018) Enfermeria Global; Verdugo, D.R., Belmonte, I.A., Using digital stories to improve listening comprehension with Spanish young learners of English (2007) Language Learning and Technology, 11 (1), pp. 87-101; Walan, S., Teaching children science through storytelling combined with hands-on activities – a successful instructional strategy? (2019) Education, 47 (1), pp. 34-46; Wang, S., Zhan, H., Enhancing teaching and learning with digital storytelling (2010) International Journal of Information and Communication Technology Education, 6 (2), pp. 76-87; Wang, X.C., Hoot, J.L., Information and communication technology in early childhood education (2006) Early Education & Development, 17 (3), pp. 317-322; Wright, C., Bacigalupa, C., Black, T., Burton, M., Windows into children’s thinking: A guide to storytelling and dramatization (2008) Early Childhood Education Journal, 35 (4), pp. 363-369; Wright, J.C., Huston, A.C., Murphy, K.C., The relations of early television viewing to school readiness and vocabulary of children from low-income families: The Early Window Project (2001) Child Development, 72 (5), pp. 1347-1366; Zimmerman, F.J., Christakis, D.A., Children’s television viewing and cognitive outcomes (2005) Archives of Pediatrics & Adolescent Medicine, 159 (7), p. 619; Zomer, R.N., Kay, R.K., Technology use in early childhood education: A review of the literature (2014) Journal of Educational Informatics, 1, pp. 1-25

Indexed by Scopus

Leave a Comment