Lao Tze and Confucius’ philosophies influenced the designs of Kisho Kurokawa and Tadao Ando

Trisno R., Lianto F.

Department of Architecture, Universitas Tarumanagara, Jl. S. Parman No. 1, Jakarta, 11440, Indonesia


Japanese architecture retains the characteristic of appreciating its culture, despite the growing influence of Western architecture. Based on this issue, it is a very interesting area to study to understand the design concepts behind two masterpieces from the world’s architects Kisho Kurokawa and Tadao Ando. This study uses a qualitative method by analyzing theories and case studies in the work of the architects Kisho Kurokawa and Tadao Ando. It conducts the following detailed analyses; (a) Western architects who influenced both design concepts; (b) The primary considerations of the two architects in facing the demands of the times. The study concludes that Kisho Kurokawa was influenced by Kenzo Tange, while Tadao Ando has been influenced by Le Corbusier and Louis Khan. The primary consideration of Kisho Kurokawa is Hanasuki, while for Tadao Ando it is Shintai. The findings in this study are that the two architects in the design concept were inspired by Japanese culture, where Japanese culture is influenced by the philosophy of Lau Tze and Confucius. © 2021, The Author(s).

Design concept; Hanasuki; Kisho Kurokawa; Shintai; Tadao Ando


City, Territory and Architecture

Publisher: Springer Science and Business Media Deutschland GmbH

Volume 8, Issue 1, Art No 8, Page – , Page Count

Journal Link:

doi: 10.1186/s40410-021-00138-x

Issn: 21952701

Type: All Open Access, Gold


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