Flood inundation simulations based on GSMaP satellite rainfall data in Jakarta, Indonesia

Priyambodoho B.A., Kure S., Yagi R., Januriyadi N.F.

Environmental and Civil Engineering, Graduate School of Engineering, Toyama Prefectural University, 5180 Kurokawa Imizu, Toyama, 939-0398, Japan; Department of Environmental and Civil Engineering, Toyama Prefectural University, 5180 Kurokawa Imizu, Toyama, 939-0398, Japan; Department of Civil Engineering, Pertamina University, Jalan Teuku Nyak Arief, Simprug, Kebayoran Lama, Jakarta, 12220, Indonesia


Abstract

Jakarta is the capital of Indonesia and is considered one of the most vulnerable cities to climate-related disasters, including flooding, sea-level rise, and storm surges. Therefore, the development of a flood-forecasting system for Jakarta is crucial. However, the accurate prediction of flooding in Jakarta is challenging because of the short flood concentration time in highly urbanized basins and the shortage of rainfall data in poorly gauged areas. The aim of this study is to simulate recent flood inundation using global satellite mapping of precipitation (GSMaP) products. The GSMaP products (NRT and Gauge V7) were evaluated and compared with hourly observation data from five ground stations in the Ciliwung River Basin. In addition, a rainfall-runoff and flood inundation model was applied to the target basin. The results of the analysis showed that the GSMaP Gauge data were more accurate than the GSMaP NRT data. However, the GSMaP Gauge cannot be used to provide real-time rainfall data and is, therefore, inadequate for real-time flood forecasting. We conclude that the GSMaP Gauge is suitable for replicating past flood events, but it is challenging to use the GSMaP NRT for real-time flood forecasting in Jakarta. [Figure not available: see fulltext.] © 2021, The Author(s).

Chiliwung River; Flood inundation simulation; GSMaP; Indonesia; Jakarta; Rainfall-runoff simulation


Journal

Progress in Earth and Planetary Science

Publisher: Springer Science and Business Media Deutschland GmbH

Volume 8, Issue 1, Art No 34, Page – , Page Count


Journal Link: https://www.scopus.com/inward/record.uri?eid=2-s2.0-85107073322&doi=10.1186%2fs40645-021-00425-8&partnerID=40&md5=3096606206e64806b29a48adaf2806af

doi: 10.1186/s40645-021-00425-8

Issn: 21974284

Type: All Open Access, Gold


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