Fabrication and characterization of woven and non-woven textiles derived from natural resources

Nikmatin S., Irmansyah I., Indro M.N., Hendra M., Setiawan T., Syafiuddin A.

Department of Physics, IPB University (Bogor Agricultural University), West Java, Bogor, 16680, Indonesia; Surfactant and Bioenergy Research Center (SBRC), IPB University (Bogor Agricultural University), West Java, Bogor, 16680, Indonesia; Center of textiles, West Java, Bandung, 40272, Indonesia; Department of Public Health, Universitas Nahdlatul Ulama Surabaya, East Java, Surabaya, 60237, Indonesia


Abstract

The present work investigated the properties of long fibers derived from oil palm empty fruit bunches (OPEFB) for the potential woven and non-woven textiles production. Several characterizations such as XRD, FTIR, SEM-EDX, DSC, and mechanical testing were carried out to understand the properties comprehensively. This study found that the OPEFB has the potential for the production of woven and non-woven textiles. The properties of OPEFB fibers were comparable with synthetics fibers that are commonly used in the textile industry. XRD analysis confirmed the structural properties, while the FTIR showed the biomolecules’ bonding characteristics. In general, the physical and mechanical properties of the OPEFB fibers depend on surface modification and chemical treatments. © 2021 by the authors.

Mechanical properties; Natural fibers; Oil palm empty bunches


Journal

Biointerface Research in Applied Chemistry

Publisher: AMG Transcend Association

Volume 12, Issue 2, Art No , Page 1814 – 1823, Page Count


Journal Link: https://www.scopus.com/inward/record.uri?eid=2-s2.0-85110178801&doi=10.33263%2fBRIAC122.18141823&partnerID=40&md5=ce1d67ab79c698a924481708f1a8b87f

doi: 10.33263/BRIAC122.18141823

Issn: 20695837

Type:


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