Do demographic variables make a difference in entrepreneurial leadership style? Case study amongst micro and small in creative economy entrepreneurs in Jakarta, Indonesia

Gunawan A.S., Cahayani A.

Atma Jaya Catholic University, Indonesia


Industry 4.0 brings a challenge in terms of labor reduction. However, there is an opportunity in job creation for the creative industry/economy. The creative economy in Indonesia shows an increasing contribution to the Indonesian economy in recent years, and it is also predicted to continue increasing in the future. Leadership for the entrepreneur is needed to make their business entity (micro, small, medium enterprises) to survive and succeed. This research aims to find out whether there is a difference in entrepreneurial leadership style with four demographic variables (i.e., gender, age, education level, and marital status). © 2022 IGI Global. All rights reserved.

Creative Economy; Demographic Variables; Entrepreneurial Leadership


International Journal of Asian Business and Information Management

Publisher: IGI Global

Volume 13, Issue 2, Art No , Page – , Page Count

Journal Link:

doi: 10.4018/IJABIM.20220701.oa10

Issn: 19479638

Type: All Open Access, Bronze


Alvarez, S. A., Barney, J. R., Resource-based theory and the entrepreneurial firm (2002) Strategic Entrepreneurship: Creating a New Mindset, , M. A. Hitt, R. D. Ireland, S. M. Camp, & D. L. Sexton (Eds), Blackwell; Bakhshi, Frey, Osborne, (2015) Creativity vs. Robots: The Creative Economy and The Future of Employment, ,, Retrieved from; Darling, J., Keeffe, M., Ross, J., Entrepreneurial Leadership Strategies and Values: Keys to Operational Excellence (2007) Journal of Small Business and Entrepreneurship, 16 (2), pp. 108-109. , 0593385; (2017),, Digital Transformation Monitor. Germany: Industry 4.0. Retrieved from; Esmer, Y., Dayi, F., A New Paradigm In Management: Ethical Leadership (2016) Akademik Bakis Uluslararasi Hakemli Sosyal Bilimler Dergisi, 57, pp. 38-54; Esmer, Y., Dayi, F., Entrepreneurial Leadership: A Theoretical Framework (2017) Mehmet Akif Ersoy Universitesi. Iktisadi ve Idari Bilimler Fakultesi Dergisi, 4 (2), pp. 112-124; Fernald, L. W., Solomon, G. T., Tarabishy, A., A New Paradigm: Entrepreneurial Leadership (2005) Southern Business Review, 30 (2), pp. 1-10; Goossen, R. J., (2007) Entrepreneurial Leaders: Reflection on Faith at Work, , Trinity Western University Publishing Vancouver; Gunawan, Cahayani, Wibowo, (2016) Review to the Entrepreneurial Leadership Amongst Creative Economy Entrepreneurs in Jakarta, , Academic Press; Renko, M., El Tarabishy, A., Carsrud, A. L., Brännback, M., Understanding and Measuring Entrepreneurial Leadership Style (2015) Journal of Small Business Management, 53 (1), pp. 54-74; Saputri, K., (2018) Semakin Diminati, PDB Ekonomi Kreatif Capai Rp.1.100 Triliun, ,, Retrieved from; Sutrisno, R. P., Analisis Pengaruh Entrepreneurial Leadership dan Motivasi Terhadap Kinerja Karyawan PT (2013),, Karunia Lestari Xpresif (Tesis). School of Business Management Universitas Bina Nusantara. Retrieved from; Thornberry, N., (2006) Lead Like an Entrepreneur, , McGraw-Hill

Indexed by Scopus

Leave a Comment